Pharaonic Passport voucher tells women’s rights in ancient Egypt
A 2480-year-old Pharaonic document, written in Demotic, revealed the rights of the old Egyptian woman and wife, who seem to have enjoyed the same legal rights as men, according to the document currently being presented at Institute of Oriental Studies at the American University of Chicago.
The Pharaonic papyrus, which is 2.4 metres long, committed the husband in the event of a failure to marry, with an annual alimony of 1.2 pieces of silver and 36 bags of grain throughout her life, as well as the woman’s independent financial edema, which makes her manage, own and sell her own property freely, including servants and Slaves and cattle.
According to his Egyptian scientist, Emily Tyter, the old Egyptian woman enjoyed the same legal rights as the man, who had to list and register her own property in the marriage contract, and to consent to her full restitution when the divorce occurred and the marriage ended.
The Pharaonic marriage document presented alone does not raise the astonishment of the researchers, as other documents, held by the Institute of Oriental Studies, show that Pharaonic Egypt was the first to witness a labour strike in history, with one of the archaeological panels showing the strike of the participants in the construction of the royal tombs because of the non-payment of their wages.