Obelisks in Kemet – Ancient Egypt:
The obelisk has known in ancient Egypt with the name of Tyn. The obelisk in the Arabic language is the big needle that is woven with thick cloth, and the obelisk is a piece of granite dug in the ground.
It is a four-sided architectural element that ends in a hierarchical peak,
The inscription of the obelisk deals with texts and portrait concerning the King and God.
For which the obelisk is devoted. The obelisk is an architect located on the right or left of the temple.
Looking up to the sky, links between it and the Earth. In addition to the architectural and artistic significance of the obelisk , it has a religious connotation It is one of the sacred primitive symbols that the ancient Egyptians have known to the god of RA. As they resided in Heliopolis a simple pillar linking them with this God,
And then this shape develops to the four-sided shape. At the top is the Pyramid Summit (Ben Ben).
The religious importance of the obelisk:
Some believe that the obelisk is a symbol of the sun’s downward rays on Earth. Through its hierarchical summit where it is mentioned in the texts of the pyramids (It is Pepe who belongs to the Obelisk of Ra on earth), while some believe that it represents the same role as the pyramid as a symbolic cemetery
It is the Eternal hill on which creation began. Some considered that Ben Ben’s code symbolized the penis of the Atom in Heliopolis, which symbolizes the stone semen of Atom. Which descended from atom to the eternal ocean,
Others assumed that the obelisk symbolized the conical rock that was the eternal Hill on which Atom appeared for the first time when he came out of Nun. In the form of the Banso Bird (Phoenix),
And there is a link between the moon and the obelisk is contained in the legend of Ozir, the full moon in 14 days.
14 of the fourteen parts of Ozir’s body are symbolized, And the crescent symbolizes the leg of Ozir and that khonsu the moon God is the one who Protect the obelisk.
The history of the Obelisks:
The onset of the obelisks appeared to have formed with the advent of The Creed of the Sun in Heliopolis. But we haven’t even found any obelisk before the fifth dynasty. Especially the Sun temples
The obelisk was an essential element of these temples which saw in the area of Abu Sir many of them. In the era of the modern state, the so-called ritual of the establishment of two obelisk for the God and continued throughout the Greek and Roman times and the most important debate of the scene in the Red cabin of Queen Hatshepsut
In Karnak, one of these two obelisks still stands and its height is 33.20 m.
While the second fell and still part of it is based on the base.
The migration of obelisks abroad:
The obelisks began to migrate abroad outside Egypt since B.C.
Sources indicate that the Assyrian king of Banib was seized after his opening to Egypt in 665 BC. two bronze-cladded obelisk, transported from Thebes to Nineveh, The capital of the Assyrian kingdom,
As well as the Romans, where in the Romans alone there are about 8 Egyptian, and in London and New York are two, back to the reign of Thotmos III, and the obelisks known wrongly in the name of Cleopatra Obelisk. Maybe it’s because they were transported in the reign of King August, tenth year BC.
was said that Cleopatra has been the first to build Caesar’s temple, then completed construction by August and moved one of the obelisks later to London, and the other to New York. the London obelisk rises 20.78 m and weighs 187 tons Muhammad Ali Pasha donated it to Britain in 1831.
In Paris are four obelisks. The most important is the obelisk of Ramses II constructed in front of Luxor Temple, the French transferred them to France in 1833,
Obelisks in Italy are four, including the Obelisk of Thotmos IIII which its height is 30.70 m. was transferred to Alexandria in 33 A.C and to Byzantium and then to Rome. Where it settled in its present place in front of the Church of St. Giovanni in Rome.
Vatican Obelisk (Amenhotep II) its high is 25.5 m
It is located in St. Peter’s Square and was in Heliopolis, the capital of Egypt.
Then transferred to Rome. Obelisk of Flaminio (Seti I – Ramses II)
Its height is 36.5 m at the base and located in Popolo Square,
Obelisk of Solari (Bismtik I) its height is 33.97 m. and brought by August 10 BC.
The Obelisk of DuGalle (Ramses II) its 6.34m. height
And it located in the Dekoltian baths which is one of other two located in the famous Boboli garden in Florence, Italy,
The Obelisk of Constantinople (Thutmos III) was transported by King Tyodoros from Thebes.